There are a variety of tasks that land surveyors perform such as recording the physical features and dimensions of a particular area of land. Those interested in pursuing this field will probably need at least a bachelor’s degree. On top of the degree, a land surveyor must also be licensed, depending on the state in which the license is sought, there will be specific licensure requirements.
A surveyor is a professional who observes the land, records dimensions as well as physical identifiers such as color and shape. They may outline airspace, land or water boundaries as well as check rock or soil samples for mineral concentrations. There are many industries in which surveyors can work such as architecture, construction, engineering and government.
Throughout a project, a surveyor may form part of a team that is made up of other professionals in the above mentioned fields. They must be highly qualified in earth sciences and math and have a vast knowledge of the government regulations that are in place for the area or areas that they wish to practice in. Whether you need ALTA surveys or something else, someone can help.
Often times a land survey education will begin with a bachelor´s degree program or a major that is related. To become fully licensed, they must then pass two exams as well as complete the prerequisite work experience, this will generally take four years. Physics as well as geography, among other topics, are what surveying courses focus on. Practical training will include time spent with CAD (computer aided design) programs and field work.
The requirements which are non-surveying include sequences in calculus and physics. Coursework in geology, surveying techniques and geography is what the surveying curriculum includes. There may be a related major that is offered with a surveying programs such as cartography or photo surveying. See CLSurveying.com for more info.
Practical experience is incorporated into the curriculum of many surveying programs. Students are able to practice surveying techniques in laboratories where they are able to work with instruments such as lasers, levels, optical alignment devices and electronic distance meters. Extensive time with computers in computer aided design and programming are something else these programs include. There are many times in which students tale cooperative internships during the summer to gains work experience which working with licensed surveyors.
It is required by many state licensing boards that those applying have graduated from a program that is Accreditation Board for Engineering and TEchnology (ABET) accredited,. Although those with degrees from programs that are not ABET accredited mat still obtain their license, additional years of work experience may be required.
As mentioned earlier, to become licensed two exams must be passed, these are administered by the NCEES (National Council for Examiners of Engineering and Surveying). The first exam is the FS (Fundamentals of Surveying), this one can be taken when the bachelor´s program is near completion. The scientific, mathematical and basic surveying concepts are covered in the FS exam.
After the four years of work experience have been completed, an individual may sit for the PS (Principles and Practice of Surveying) exam. Topics that are specific to surveying are covered in the PS exam, for example; legal principles, standards, business practices, professional practices and types of surveys.